There are 18 species of bats in Canada. Some have a very broad range, while others are only found in eastern or western Canada. All species of bats in Canada feed solely on insects. Some species are non-migratory, whereas others are migratory.

In Canada, the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) is the arms-length advisory panel to the federal Minister of Environment and Climate Change concerning the status of wildlife species at risk of extinction in Canada. Unfortunately, due to the lack of information on the population sizes of bats in Canada, COSEWIC cannot accurately assess the conservation status of many bat species. The federal status of each bat species is listed below. To find the provincial conservation status of each species, visit, enter the Latin name of the species in the search field, and look under the conservation status tab.

California myotisMyotis californicus x
Fringed batMyotis thysanodesData Deficient x
Keen's myotisMyotis keenii Data Deficient x
Pallid batAntrozous pallidusThreatened x
Spotted batEuderma maculatum x
Townsend's big-eared batCorynorhinus townsendiiSpecial Concern x
Yuma myotisMyotis yumanensis x
Long-legged batMyotis volans x x x x
Long-eared batMyotis evotis x x x x
Western small-footed batMyotis ciliolabrum x x x
Big brown batEptesicus fuscus x x x x x x x
Red batLasiurus borealis x x x x x x x x
Silver-haired bat Lasionycteris noctivagans x x x x x x x x x
Little brown batMyotis lucifugusEndangered x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Northern long-eared myotis Myotis septentrionalis Endangered x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Hoary bat Lasiurus cinereus x x x x x x x x x x x x
Tri-coloured batPerimyotis subflavusEndangered x x x
Eastern small-footed bat Myotis leibii x x